MSO6736 - Prehistoric hut circle on Almsworthy Common (Monument)
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Type and Period (3)
- None recorded
One of the best preserved hut circles recorded on Exmoor to date lies beside the track on Almsworthy Common approximately 60 metres west of the enclosure at SS 84104180 (SS 84 SW 50). The internal diameter is 10 metres, the external diameter is 14 metres and the site is levelled into the hill slope with the walls between 0.30 and 0.40 metres high. There is a well defined entrance on the south side. Several low, stone mounds are in the area.  A circular wall bank with a southerly gap situated on a slight spur has been classified as a large Bronze Age house, but its position is exposed and has visibility to the east and west. It may be a summer tribal gathering place, or a small henge. It may otherwise be related to droving as it is position by a green road from the Forest.  Centred at SS 8404 4177 is a prehistoric hut circle. It is 15.3 metres in overall diameter (11 metres bank centre to bank centre) and has been massively terraced, by 0.9 metres, into the hillslope on its upper (north-eastern) side. It is defined by a bank 4.1 metres wide, within which the internal area forms a level platform 7 metres in diameter.The south-western, lower, side of the hut circle has been destroyed by a well-used vehicle track, and the entrance was presumably in this area of destruction. The hut circle is unusual on Exmoor, because of its size, massive construction, and unusually elevated position (442 metres above OD).Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.  The hut circle has been transcribed from aerial photographs as part of the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey. The accurate rectification of the best available aerial photographs places the hut circle at circa SS 83954182, approximately 70 metres to the west of the enclosure (MSO6735)The south-facing entrance to the hut circle is clearly visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and is still apparent in 1952, despite the significant damage summarised above. It may be associated with two similarly sized hut circles interpreted as forming an unenclosed settlement associated with a field system on Wellshead Allotment, approximately 400 metres to the south-west. (3-5)
- <1> SSO858 Article in serial: Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. + Murless, B.. 1980. Somerset Archaeology 1979. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 124. P.119.
- <2> SMO4080 Monograph: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1983. Ancient Exmoor: A Study of the Archaeology and Prehistory of Exmoor. The Exmoor Press. Microstudy C2. p57.
- <3> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 16 November 1995.
- <4> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4197-8 (13 May 1946).
- <5> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 3097-3098 (8 November 1952).
- <6> SMO7567 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 840 417 (13m by 13m) (Centred on)|
|Civil Parish||EXFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Related Articles (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36310 (Pastscape entry: 36310)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO184
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11284
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW51
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- National Trust HER Record
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36310
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33626
Record last edited
Mar 4 2020 2:26PM
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