MSO10736 - Gatehouse Cottage (Building)

Summary

A 16th or 17th Century cottage, containing jointed cruck trusses, moulded beams and several fireplaces, one having a chamfered lintel and a probable oven space with a window inserted into it.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Gatehouse to demolished house to south; C15, altered late C19. Gatehouse Cottage; C16-C17, altered C19 and C20. Gatehouse: local stone random rubble part rendered, timber framed upper storey hung with wooden shingles on south front, renewed timber lintels, curved wooden jambs, slate roof, louvred ventilation cap. Plan: single cell, stairs and cottage abutting to west, set over gateway with double doors on north front. Cinquefoil headed 2-light mullioned window, much restored with external glazing on south front, similar to north, large ribbed and framed studded double doors with wicket. Chamfered arched stone doorway to stair on west inner wall, C19 cinqufoil headed wooden window to right. Interior: stone stairs to upper room containing 3 pairs of long tenon jointed cruck trusses, 2 purlins on either side, renewed cambered collars, small fireplace with chamfered stone lintel, no chimney surviving, peaked door frame to cottage. Cottage: rendered over rubble, slate roof, circular roughcast stone stack rising from below ridge to right, another square stone stack in similar position to rear, external stack left gable end. Plan: 3 cell and cross passage abutting gatehouse right. Two storeys, north front 4 bays, C19 casements, 2 below eaves left, 2 rising through eaves right, ground floor two 3-light casements, entry end bay right, half glazed many-paned door, also lit right return ground floor. Interior: room adjoining gatehouse with cambered lateral beams, blocked fireplaces either side of wall, central room with fine heavy ovolo moulded beams, steeply chamfered beams with step and runout stops to kitchen beyond cross passage, chamfered lintel to fireplace with window inserted into probable oven space. Five pairs of heavy jointed cruck truss with cambered collars and steeply chamfered wall plate. Built after the gatehouse, the exact evolution of the cottage is not clear. (Photograph in NMR; VAG report, unpublished SRO, September 1979). [1] A sample was taken from the jointed cruck roof of the cottage, as it was thought to be of post-medieval date. No date was ascertained for the sample. [2] English Heritage Listed Building Number: 265517. First Listed on 22/05/1969. [3] 3-cell Cross passage plan. Stone, Random rubble, Render walls. Cruck, Gabled roof [4] The building was visited in May 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [5] The building is depicted and labelled "Gateway Cottage" on 2020 MasterMap data. [6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Index: 2/1/1986. Thirty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, District of West Somerset (Somerset)/Exmoor National Park.
  • <2> Unassigned: 2004. Dendrochronology Project: Stage V.
  • <3> Unassigned: Webster CJ, Historic Environment Record. 2005. Staff Comments, Somerset County Council.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.
  • <5> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <6>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #41125 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9106 4624 (18m by 13m)
Map sheet SS94NW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 1076/26/103/2
  • Exmoor National Park Authority HER number: MSO8026
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 NW34
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36847
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31233

Record last edited

Jan 19 2021 12:14PM

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