MSO10353 - Post-medival quarry or World War Two military feature on Great Tom's Hill (Monument)

Summary

A rectangular pit has alternatively been interpreted as a post-medieval quarry, or possibly a Second World War military feature.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

Circular depression apparent on aerial photograph, c 17.7 metres across. [1] Mistaken for a mound on aerial photograph. [2] Rectangular quarry about 2 metres deep with a ring of upcast and an entrance in the southwest corner. No face. Different vegetation within the feature to that without. [3] The quarry is as described and about 12 metres from north to south and 8 metres east to west. It is possible, in view of the other signs, that it is a Second World War military construction. [4] A quarry pit of is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on the south facing slopes of Great Toms Hill, centred on circa SS 8061 4304. The pit is roughly rectilinear in shape and measures 10 metres north to south and 6 metres east to west. The earthworks are not marked on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map of circa 1889 and are of unknown date and function. However, based on morphological comparison with similar examples in the immediate area a post-medieval date is likely. [5-7] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: c.1946. RAF Black and White Vertical Aerial Photograph.
  • <2> Unassigned: McDonnell, R. 23/01/1982. Site Visit.
  • <3> Unassigned: Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset. 1982. [No title]. 23 June 1982.
  • <4> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. Chris Webster, Somerset Historic Environment Record, 19 April 2006.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 543/2821 (F65) 164-5 (27 April 1964).
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <7>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184. [Mapped feature: #47386 ]
  • <8> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1478610, Extant 14 July 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8061 4304 (11m by 15m)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO2560
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW309
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1478610
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 18627

Record last edited

Oct 12 2021 11:04AM

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