MMO515 - Medieval or post-medieval field system on Humbers Ball (Monument)

Summary

A field system of possible late-medieval or post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s as earthworks, with a number of linear and curvilinear boundaries defining sub-rectangular fields, some featuring ridge and furrow.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A field system of possible late medieval or post-medieval date is visible on Humbers Ball. It comprises a number of linear and curvilinear boundaries some of which contain areas of ridge and furrow. The earthworks have been severely reduced by modern land improvement. [1] A field system of possible late-medieval or post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s as earthworks centred on circa SS 8220 3242 on Humbers Ball. It comprises a number of linear and curvilinear boundaries defining sub-rectangular and irregularly shaped fields. Based upon the remains visible upon the available aerial photographs the enclosed areas vary between 2 and 13 hectares. A number of the fields appear to contain areas of ridge and furrow, but some of this may post date the field system and be evidence of active levelling of the boundaries. The earthwork field boundaries have been severely reduced by modern land improvement. [2-4] SS 82563 32421. A low bank, 1.8 metres wide and 0.4 metres high, with a reed filled ditch 0.9 metres wide and 0.4 metres deep lies on the southeast side of Humber's Ball. The field system is not mapped on 19th Century maps [5,6] and the presence of narrow ridge and furrow cultivation identified on aerial photographs suggests that the field system dates from the earlier post-medieval period and represents the piecemeal extension of enclosure and cultivation onto the edges of common land. [7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 26 June 1995.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1655 (F20) 4252-3 (11 July 1946).
  • <3> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR CPE/UK/2082 (F20) 3042-4 (19 May 1947).
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 SW. MD002197. [Mapped feature: #43408 Extent of field system, ]
  • <5> Map: 1841. Hawkridge Tithe Map and Apportionment.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1890, Somerset 56(7).
  • <7> Report: Riley, H.. 2018. Archaeological walkover survey: Halscombe Allotments, Humber's Ball, Hawkridge Plain & Old Barrow Down, Withypool & Hawkridge, Exmoor. HWH17074, p18.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8219 3250 (1002m by 981m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS83SW
Civil Parish WITHYPOOL AND HAWKRIDGE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Historic Parish HAWKRIDGE

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12361
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO8754
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument) (Halscombe etc): HWH17074
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 SW51
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1052164
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 35550

Record last edited

May 15 2018 1:48PM

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