MMO3790 - Medieval strip fields northeast of Challacombe (Monument)

Summary

The fragmentary remains of a system of medieval strip fields, defined by curving parallel lynchets and visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some may have been levelled.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

The fragmentary remains of a system of medieval strip fields extend, to the north of North Lane, between The Black Venus Inn, Twitchen Gate and Old Close Copse to the northeast of Challacombe. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some may have been levelled. Only parts of what was probably a continuous system of fields survive in three areas. The surviving remains are centred at SS 6959 4135. A concentration of lynchets extend over an area to the northeast of the Black Venus Inn, measuring 390 metres by 375 metres and these are centred at SS 6956 4123. Another concentration extends east of Old Close copse over an area measuring up to 215 metres by 100 metres, centred at SS 6974 4150. A single lynchet is centred at SS 6992 4150. The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (see MMO1215). [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Monograph: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor. English Heritage.
  • <2> Unpublished document: Winton, H.. 1999. RCHME/EH Aerial Photographers Comment. RCHME: Challacombe, West Devon, 20 December 1999.
  • <3>XY Archive: RCHME: Challacombe Project, Devon. AF1301145. [Mapped features: #34738 ; #34739 ; #34740 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6966 4135 (579m by 628m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64SE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE156
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1505761

Record last edited

May 1 2019 4:00PM

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