MMO350 - Post-medieval field system on west side of Cheriton Ridge (Monument)

Summary

The remains of a field system of probable post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs as a series of low earth and stone banks.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

SS 74 NW 60 Field System SS 739 455. Field system seen by McDonnell [1] on air photos [2] in form of low banks on the west side of Cheriton Ridge. In this sheet an area of some 23ha centred about SS 7387 4532 on the southwest slopes of Cheriton Ridge, is covered by a series of low earth and stone banks forming a contiguous linear rectangular field system similar in form and probably contemporaneous with the early 19th Century enclosed fields to their immediate north. These appear to have been planned and laid out about the same time but never to have been fully taken up and walled. This system, which continues over the southern edge of the sheet, is identical in form, and presumably contemporay with, those on the northeast side of the ridge (MDE11726) and the southeast slopes of Brendon Common (MDE11690). NB. Cutting across this field system is a leat, treated as a separate site (MDE11685). No survey action. [3] This field system was transcribed as part of the Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme project. The earthwork evidence visible on the aerial photographs available to the survey indicates that this field system, centred on circa SS 7391 4528, covers an area of approximately 18 hectares, although a more accurate figure would be possible following a detailed field investigation. The precise extent of the area enclosed is difficult to ascertain from the aerial photographs alone as several of the enclosures or field boundaries towards the bottom of Hoaroak water combe are poorly defined, their boundary earthworks now eroded into narrow channels or gullys. Earthwork remains of ridge and furrow towards the north of the complex, at circa SS 738 456, indicates that although the field system may have never been fully walled, as suggested by the authority above, efforts were made to prepare some sections for use, if not actually cultivated. A rectangular earthwork some 12 metres long and 3 wide at circa SS 7401 4495 (into SS 74 SW), may be the remains of a structure. Centred at SS 7417 4495 and covering an area of approximately 7 hectares, curvilinear boundaries form at least three sub-rectangular enclosures on the west facing slopes above Hoaroak Water. [4-10] A further record was created in error during the National Mapping Project that recorded only a portion of the field system, centred at SS 7417 4495 and covering an area of approximately 7 hectares. This record stated that "the curvilinear boundaries form at least three subrectangular enclosures on the west facing slopes above Hoaroak Water. They are not depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889, suggesting they had been abandoned prior to this date. The curvilinear form of the boundaries suggests they date to a medieval or early post medieval attempt to enclose the moor which was unsuccessful". The GIS mapping for the erroneous record has been incorporated into this one. [11-13]

Sources/Archives (13)

  • <1> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: SAINSBURY, ISS. Aerial photograph. RAF/CPE/UK/1980, 4078 (Apr 1947).
  • <3> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 22 June 1994.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3318-9 (13 May 1946).
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1655 (F20) 3074-5 (11 July 1946).
  • <6> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/910 (F20) 4091-2 (17 October 1952).
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F66) 0175-77 (27 April 1964).
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95026 058-60 (12 March 1995).
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72314 278-79 (16 August 1972).
  • <10> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NW. MD002173.
  • <11> Archive: English Heritage. National Monuments Record / AMIE / Monarch entry - viewable via Pastscape. Reference 1471057.
  • <12> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <13> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. C Dove, 23 March 2015.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7403 4546 (725m by 1448m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NW
Civil Parish BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 18009
  • Devon SMR: SS74NW/66
  • Exmoor National Park Authority HER number: MDE11718
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO2202
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11718
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO20740
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW60
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1471057
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 926199

Record last edited

Mar 23 2015 5:16PM

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