MDE11685 - Post-medieval catchwater leat on Cheriton Ridge (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval catchwater leat on the west side of Cheriton Ridge is shown on the Ordnance Survey maps of 1888 and 1904 and appears on aerial photographs taken in 1947.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A contour-following leat noted by McDonnell [1] on air photos [2] on the W side of Cheriton Ridge. [1,2] SS 7417 4500 to SS 7376 4634. A catchwater leat used to irrigate spring grass on a west facing slope. It is some 3.5 km long, probably for early watering of fields and use at Cheriton Farm. The leat is shown on the OS maps dated 1888 [3] and 1904 [4]. No survey action was carried out. [6] The does not appear to continue as far north as Cheriton and therefore may not have been associated with watering here. Its precise function remains uncertain. [7] The leat runs from just north of the Forest boundary, where the remains of a collapsed stone bridge or sluice at the take off point can be seen at SS 74830. The northern end of the leat, where it leaves the common, has not been established, but the channel is substantial and takes water from several streams which flow into Hoaroak Water, suggesting it may have been built in the late 19th Century to power farm machinery at farms in Cheriton. [9]

Sources/Archives (9)

  • <1> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF/CPE/UK/1980, 4078. 04/1947.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1888, Devon Sheet 7(6).
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1904, Devon Sheet 7(6).
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1976. 1:2500. 1:25,000. Sheet SS 7443 and SS 7444.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72314 279-80. 16/08/1972.
  • <8> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
  • <9> Report: Riley, H.. 2013. Hoaroak Valley: Historic landscape survey and analysis. 36.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7410 4509 (871m by 2204m)
Map sheet SS74NW
Civil Parish BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR (Devonshire): SS74NW/66
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE12878
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO338
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW35
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW160
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1044524
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 926073

Record last edited

Dec 4 2013 4:41PM

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