MMO3313 - Post-medieval water meadow west of South Radworthy (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A number of post-medieval leats visible on aerial photographs as earthworks west of South Radworthy, North Molton are most likely the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow. Centred at approximately SS 7448 3248, at least seven gutters are visible running northwest to southeast and stretching across 8 fields. (NB: These fields were part of MDE11474 and have been removed since the photographs were taken). The gutters cover an area of some 5 hectares and do not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3379-80 11-APR-1947.
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 SW. MD002194. [Mapped feature: #33121 ]
  • <4> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1493763, Extant 1 December 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7448 3247 (517m by 160m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS73SW
Civil Parish NORTH MOLTON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 SW58
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1493763

Record last edited

Dec 1 2021 4:32PM

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