MMO331 - Post-medieval stone quarrying and/or iron mining remains on Kentisbury Down (Monument)

Summary

A group of quarries are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. Most are thought to have been used for sourcing stone but some may be evidence of iron mining undertaken in the 1870s.

Please read the .

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Various quarries are depicted by [1] on Kentisbury Down. Concentrations occur around SS 6420 4325, SS 6375 4325 and SS 6425 4375. [1-4] The features recorded are stone quarries, which appear to predate the enclosure of Kentisbury Down in the mid 19th Century. [5-7] A large number of stone quarries are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of Kentisbury Down. They are depicted on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map of 1891 and annotated as "old quarries" suggesting they were out of use at the time of publication. In many places the quarries are overlain by extant field boundaries, most of which date to the enclosure of Kentisbury Down in the mid 19th Century. They most likely date to the post-medieval period, but their precise date is uncertain. [8,9] Claughton describes an unnamed mine with iron trial pits on north side of Kentisbury Down adjacent to the road, probably dating from the 1870s (also see MDE21588). These features (mapped at SS 6426 4376) may be part of the iron trial pits that Claughton described or, alternatively, quarrying remains as described above. [10] The quarries centred at SS 6421 4323, SS 6425 4377 and SS 6434 4371 are also depicted on the six inch 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey map and on the six inch 1963 map. [11,12]

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <1> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6443C.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. CPE/UK/1980 4096 (April 1947).
  • <3> Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. MAM 2711 (June 1978).
  • <4> Unpublished document: Unknown. 1848. Kentisbury Down Enclosure Award. Unknown.
  • <5> Map: 1840. Kentisbury Tithe Map and Apportionment. Tithe Map & Apportionment for Kentisbury Parish 1840.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1896. County Series, First Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1891.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation 11-FEB-1993 WR Wilson-North..
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 4239-41 (13 May 1946).
  • <9> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SW. MD002180.
  • <10> Report: Claughton, P. F.. 1993. A List of Mines in North Devon and West Somerset. 57.
  • <11> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1892-1906. County Series, 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1905, 6SW.
  • <12> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1963. 6 Inch Map: 1963.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6423 4346 (273m by 683m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64SW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31437
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31438
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31545
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31546
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31548
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 31557
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 51302
  • Devon SMR: SS64SW/121
  • Devon SMR: SS64SW/123
  • Devon SMR: SS64SW/124
  • Devon SMR: SS64SW/165
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE11651
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20611
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20612
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20614
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE21506
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SW36
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 924999

Record last edited

Apr 30 2019 4:25PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.