MMO3270 - Post-medieval water meadow north of Higher Fyldon Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. This system does not appear to be connected to a farmyard, suggesting that this was a detached system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks north of Higher Fyldon Farm, North Molton. Centred at approximately SS 7410 3416, the gutters curve northwest to southeast, apparently drawing water from the nearby stream. They cover an area of approximately 2 hectares. . This system does not appear to be connected to the farmyard, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73086 712-13 (17 April 1973).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 SW. MD002194. [Mapped feature: #33124 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7411 3420 (203m by 267m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS73SW
Civil Parish NORTH MOLTON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 SW38
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1493594

Record last edited

Apr 15 2019 4:57PM

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