MMO2737 - Post-medieval water meadow south of Kinsford Farm (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A pair of ditches visible as earthworks in a field immediately south of Kinsford Farm, Exmoor, may be the remains of a post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow. Centred at approximately SS 7431 3718, the ditches closely follow the contours of the south facing slope above Kinsford water. The ditches appear to be connected to the farmyard at Kinsford, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Many of the farms within the former Royal Forest have water meadows, most of which are believed to have been constructed or encouraged by Robert Smith, land agent for the Knight family from 1848, who was considered a great expert in water meadows. [1-4]
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4445-46 (11 April 1947).
- <2> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <3> SEM7231 Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. 54-55.
- <4>XY SMO7572 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189. [Mapped feature: #42128 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7432 3716 (171m by 55m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1484227 (Pastscape entry: 1484227)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW77
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1484227
Record last edited
Sep 2 2020 2:13PM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.