MMO2565 - Post-medieval catchwork water meadow north of Longcombe Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields north of the deserted settlement of Longcombe Farm (see MSO9117). Centred at approximately SS 9869 4142, up to four gutters are visible on a steep northeast facing slope above an unnamed stream. The gutters appear to follow the contours of the slope fairly closely, and vary in length from 130 to 280 metres. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Longcombe, and therefore may have been an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. It seems likely that this system was abandoned around the same time as Longcombe Farm, some time after 1889. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F64) 137-38 (27 April 1964).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 94 SE. MD002187. [Mapped feature: #32533 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9870 4141 (173m by 406m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS94SE
Civil Parish CARHAMPTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE145
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1479132

Record last edited

Mar 3 2020 2:59PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.