MMO2476 - 19th Century drainage system at Beckham (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
A system of post-medieval drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs, across the slopes of Beckham. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at agricultural improvement of the former Royal Forest, possibly associated with the construction of Tom's Hill Farm around 1850. Centred on approximately SS 8133 4202, these earthworks cover an area of approximately 5 hectares and form one of three relatively small and discrete drainage systems that feed into tributaries to the south of Long Combe. Two more can be seen immediately to the west. The drains are arranged in an irregular herringbone pattern draining centrally into an unnamed tributary to Long Combe. Similar, but much more extensive drainage systems are visible to the south and west towards Warren Farm, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into the various contour leats. [1,2] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project.  A metric survey of a herringbone drainage system on Swap Hill was carred out in July and August 2019. The drainage system may date to the 1820s and 1830s and date to John Knight's ownership of Exmoor Forest. 
- <1> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4069-70 (13 May 1946).
- <2>XY SMO7567 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184. [Mapped feature: #38247 ]
- <3> SEM8493 Report: Riley, H.. 2017. Agricultural Reclamation at Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor. Exmoor Mires Partnership ELB17 Project Report.
- <4> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1477889, Extant 20 July 2021.
- <5> SEM8759 Report: Riley, H.. 2019. Metric survey on Swap Hill, Larkbarrow, Exmoor, Somerset, Exmoor National Park ELB19: Project report. Hazel Riley.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8137 4197 (417m by 309m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (4)
- Related to: 19th Century drainage ditches at Beckham (Monument) (MSO10379)
- Related to: 19th Century drainage ditches on Swap Hill (Monument) (MMO2459)
- Related to: Post-medieval drainage ditches at Beckham and East Pinford Hill (Monument) (MMO2473)
- Related to: Post-medieval land drainage system at Elsworthy (Monument) (MSO10400)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1477889 (Pastscape entry: 1477889)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW235
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1477889
Record last edited
Aug 9 2021 4:08PM
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