MMO2274 - Post-medieval leat crossing Stoke Pero Common (Monument)

Summary

A spring fed leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork. It may be a head main, supplying the catch water system at Stoke Pero Farm with water and acting as a simple catch water system when required.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A spring fed water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork crossing Stoke Pero Common from Lang Combe to Stoke Pero village. It is possibly a type of water channel known as a head main, which might have supplied the catch water system at Stoke Pero Farm, although no direct connection is visible on the aerial photographs available to the survey. Several extensive head mains have been recorded on Exmoor, the longest examples reaching several kilometres in length. This earthwork is just under one kilometre in length, centred on circa SS 8738 4304. It may also have had a dual function, acting as a simple catch water system when required. Usually found on combe sides or hill slopes, catchwater water meadows are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the slope via one or more channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the channels were blocked, causing water to overflow, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. This channel is marked on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889 and is therefore, at the latest, 19th Century in date. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106UK/1655 4089-91 (F20) (11 July 1946).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 850-1 (29 April 1973).
  • <3> Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <5>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SE. MD002185. [Mapped feature: #41625 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8735 4292 (607m by 738m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SE
Civil Parish LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SE152
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1473350

Record last edited

Mar 9 2020 2:21PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.