MMO2170 - Peat Cutting, Goat Hill (Monument)

Summary

A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Goat Hill, Exmoor. The cuttings were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Goat Hill, Exmoor, covering an area of approximately 8 hectares. The earthworks are centred on SS 727 405 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 4-5 metres across, to less regularly shaped and curved pits up to 50 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. Similar areas are visible to the north and along The Chains. (1-4) A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [5]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3150-51. 11/04/1947.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/2082 4106-07. 19/05/1947.
  • <3> Monograph: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor. English Heritage. P. 47, 143.
  • <4> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
  • <5> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7279 4058 (460m by 251m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1470657

Record last edited

Aug 18 2015 2:48PM

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