MMO2106 - Post-medieval water meadow north and west of Whitefield Barton (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the north and west of Whitefield Barton, Challacombe. At least three gutters are visible, centred at approximately SS 6776 4193 and located on a fairly steep south facing slope above an unnamed stream or combe. It is not clear whether this system is part of that recorded under MMO2010 or is a separate system. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Whitefield Barton, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. On photographs taken after 1964, building work at Whitefield Barton and the cpnstruction of West Whitefield appear to have destroyed this system. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3]
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F65) 186-87 (27 April 1964).
- <2> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <3>XY SMO7564 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SE. MD002181. [Mapped feature: #33267 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 6776 4192 (84m by 176m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (2)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1468865 (Pastscape entry: 1468865)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE118
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1468865
Record last edited
May 8 2019 2:58PM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.