MMO2035 - Medieval field boundaries northwest of Challacombe Common (Monument)

Summary

Medieval field boundaries are visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. Some of the boundaries were previously interpreted as a rectangular enclosure.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

An enclosure was identified on aerial photographs taken in 1947 and 1977 by McDonnell, who observed low banks forming derelict field boundaries on the north side of Challacombe Common. [1-3] A site visit by RCHME in 1993 noted no surface evidence for the enclosure in an area of rough grassland, though it was noted that slight, fragmentary banks may indicate the position of former field boundaries. [4] Medieval field boundaries are visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the north west of Challacombe Common. Centred at approximately SS 6800 4317, six banks are visible, forming at least three rectangular enclosures, aligned southwest to northeast. The enclosures cover an area measuring approximately 350 by 250 metres, or 8.75 hectares. The northernmost enclosure, at approximately SS 6801 4328, measures 112 metres long by 90 metres wide. To the east of this enclosure and sharing a boundary with it, the second enclosure measures 67 metres long by 125 metres wide. The third enclosure located south of the second enclosure is the largest, measuring 136 metres long by 135 metres wide. At approximately SS 6807 4306, this third enclosure is overlain by a later post medieval or 19th century field boundary. These post-medieval or 19th Century boundaries are aligned north-south, and are very different in size and form to the enclosure boundaries described above. These boundaries appear to represent a medieval attempt at enclosure, abandoned prior to the main period of enclosure during the post-medieval period and 19th Century. They are not depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey, and the area is shown as open moorland, suggesting that the boundaries had been abandoned for quite some time. [5-7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAM/13/122 (May 1977).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/CPE/UK 1980.3090 (April 1947).
  • <3> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6843a.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821(F66) 185-86 27-APR-1964.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <7>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SE. MD002181. [Mapped feature: #33274 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6803 4316 (265m by 355m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64SE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12135
  • Devon SMR: SS64SE/63
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE10866
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20236
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE40
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE91
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1466916
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 909932

Record last edited

May 21 2019 11:58AM

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