MMO1954 - Sub rectangular enclosure southeast of Caffyns Cross (Monument)

Summary

A sub rectangular enclosure of uncertain date is inferred from a range of evidence visible on aerial photographs, including field boundary patterns, low earthworks and cropmarks. It may be prehistoric or medieval in origin.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A sub-rectangular enclosure of uncertain date is inferred from a range of evidence visible on aerial photographs, including field boundary patterns, low earthworks and cropmarks. The possible enclosure is located on a gentle north facing slope above the Barbrook, centred on circa SS 70324710. The wider field system in this are is one predominantly of enclosure of fields based on bundles of strip fields, probably of medieval origin, typified by long narrow fields with sinuous or curved boundaries. A former field boundary that appears slightly anomalous in this pattern demarcates the northern edge of this possible enclosure. Centred on circa SS 70354715, this boundary is marked on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1890 and survived as an earthwork into the 1950s, after which it was removed to be replaced with a straight hedgebank. It is possible the hedgerow was placed on an earlier earthwork bank or was positioned to skirt an earlier landscape feature. A possible cropmark visible on one print taken in June 1976 roughly defines the southern limit of the possible enclosure, and may indicate the presence of a former ditch. The date of this feature is uncertain. It may be a large hillslope enclosure of late prehistoric date or a field enclosure of early medieval origin, predating the surrounding strip field system. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NW. MD002173.
  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540-910 (F20) 3081 17-OCT-1952R.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAL 76047 206 25-JUN-1976.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1890.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7033 4709 (158m by 139m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW159
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1465533

Record last edited

May 13 2013 10:19AM

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