MMO1798 - Post-medieval water meadow west of Killington (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval catchwater meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. This may have been part of an integrated system with the farmyard at Killington.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system known locally as a catchwater meadow system, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the northwest of Killington. At least five gutters are visible situated on either side of a steep northwest facing slope above an unnamed valley or combe following the contours of the slope. The gutters range from between 40 to 150 metres in length and measure between 2 and 3 metres wide. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distributed flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent the ground freezing in winter. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Killington, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser across the fields. Most catchwater meadows are believed to have been constructed in the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 155 (15 April 1972).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme: SS 64 NE. MD002172. [Mapped feature: #35213 ]
  • <4> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1462729, Extant 2 November 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6652 4652 (306m by 192m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS64NE
Civil Parish MARTINHOE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NE86
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1462729

Record last edited

Nov 2 2021 1:13PM

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