MMO1746 - Medieval or post-medieval earthworks south of Brendon village (Monument)

Summary

Fragmentary field system, trackway and settlement earthworks of possible medieval or post-medieval date are visible on aerial photographs of 1947 onwards, roughly 250 metres to the south of Brendon village.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Fragmentary linear earthworks roughly 250 metres to the south of Brendon village, centred on circa SS 7663 4783, may incorprate the remains of a field system, trackway and settlement of possible medieval or post-medieval date. The earthworks are visible on a small area of rough pasture to the north of a sharp dog-leg right-hand turn in the course of Cross Lane. It is the opinion of this authority that the current road layout replaced a section of earlier route which partly survives in the course of an extant footpath and the earthworks recorded here. The earlier, potentially medieval route, can be seen to continue northwest from Cross Lane at circa SS 7666 4796, follow the northeastern boundary of a curvilinear field across the rough pasture, before joining an extant path at SS 7656 4784. A second linear earthwork, possibly representing a second road or track, abuts this trackway from the northwest at roughly SS 7663 4780. Now incorporated into Cross Lane, the intersection of these tracks might have formed the crossroads which gave the current road its name. To the north of this crossroads linear earthwork boundaries define a series of rectilinear and subrectangular enclosures. They have been partly destroyed by quarrying of probable 20th Century date, but may be the remains of a field system or possible settlement of medieval date, although there is no visible evidence for structures within these enclosures. The curvilinear field to the south at SS 76594777 may also indicate the boundary of a former ring fenced settlement, possibly supporting the interpretation of this as a former hamlet. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4042 (F20) (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95026 090-091 (12 March 1995).
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168. [Mapped feature: #33090 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7663 4782 (144m by 106m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NE
Civil Parish BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NE116
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1461413

Record last edited

Dec 16 2020 3:29PM

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