MMO1737 - Post-medieval water meadow system northwest of Heale Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. This system appears to be connected with the farmyard at Heale Farm, suggesting that this was an integrated system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the northwest of Heale Farm. Centred at SS 6441 4723, this large system extends across four fields on a both sides of a steep valley running as far as Heale Brake to the north. The gutters vary in length from between 60 to 200 metres, and appear to be fed from a spring at Heale Farm before draining into the un-named stream at the bottom of the valley. This series of roughly parallel gutters was used to distribute flowing water across the surface of the field in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. This system appears to be connected with the farmyard at Heale Farm, suggesting that this was an integrated system, which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. [1-3] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 159 (15 April 1972).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 NW. MD002171. [Mapped feature: #33287 ]
  • <4> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1461391, Extant 8 November 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6445 4719 (250m by 550m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS64NW
Civil Parish PARRACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NW58
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1461391

Record last edited

May 10 2022 8:38AM

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