MEM15461 - Possible Roman or post-medieval iron mining waste at Anstey's Combe (Monument)

Summary

Unusually deep sequences of alternating silt and gravel deposits have been geomorphologically sampled and dated to the Roman period and 16th to 17th Centuries AD. They may relate to openwork iron mining within the combe.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Stream gulley erosion in Anstey Combe (named Anstey’s Gully on current Ordnance Survey maps) revealed a sequence of unusually deep alternating silt and gravel deposits. The Anstey Combe deposits reached depths of almost 6 metres in comparison to similar deposits in neighbouring combes that do not exceed 1 to 2 metres. The sediments have been geomorphologically sampled and dated by optically stimulated luminescence to the Roman period and 16th to 17th Centuries AD. Given the small catchment area of the combe, comparable to that of the neighbouring valleys, the two unusually thick sediment deposits may indicate episodes of unusually high sediment supply to the valley floor, perhaps suggesting periods of openwork iron mining in these periods within Anstey Combe. A linear trench to the north of the sampled area has been suggested as a possible extractive feature and source for the silts. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 2009. MasterMap.
  • <2> Monograph: Bray, L.S.. 2006. The Archaeology of Iron Production: Romano-British Evidence from the Exmoor Region. P.170.
  • <3> Article in serial: Brown, A., Bennett, J. + Rhodes, E.. 2009. Roman Mining on Exmoor: A Geomorphological Approach at Anstey's Combe, Dulverton. Environmental Archaeology. 14. 1. P.57.

Map

Location

Grid reference SS 827 293 (point) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS82NW
Civil Parish MOLLAND, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (1)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Park: Exmoor National Park

Record last edited

Jan 29 2019 3:39PM

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