MEM15353 - Incline, Langham Hill (Monument)


A temporary incline between Bearland Mine and Langham Hill Mine, worked by horse whims or portable steam engine. It ceased operation following the sinking of a shaft at Langham Hill in 1866.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

A temporary incline, probably horse powered, used to transport ore from an adit sunk at Bearland Wood mine in circa 1864 to Langham Hill. [1] The course of the incline may correspond with a track depicted on the Ordnance Survey 1:2500 first edition map, between circa SS 97733567 and SS 97463593. It is described as being about 380 metres long and at a gradient of 1 in 4. The ore may have been hauled by a portable steam engine. [2] Sellick's book shows a plan of the incline. A horse whim was situated at the top. [3] Iron ore was removed from the mine by an incline constructed to convey it to the mine at Langham Hill and thence onto the West Somerset Mineral Railway. No trace of this incline now survives. [4-6] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Monograph: Sellick, R.. 1970. The West Somerset Mineral Railway and the Story of the Brendon Hills Iron Mines. David and Charles Limited. Second. P.39-40.
  • <2> Report: Jones, M.H.. 1995. Report on Proposed Low-Key Visitor Access to Industrial Sites on the Brendon Hills. P.16.
  • <3> Monograph: Sellick R. 1970. The West Somerset Mineral Railway. 59.
  • <4> Technical drawing: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 1999. Bearland Wood/pencil survey. Unknown. Permatrace. Pencil.
  • <5> Technical drawing: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 1999. Bearland Wood/ink survey. Unknown. Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, March 1999.
  • <7> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1128076, Updated 25 April 2022.

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12308
  • Local List Status (Unassessed)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 NE58
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1128076
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 35436



Grid reference Centred SS 9758 3580 (251m by 253m)
Map sheet SS93NE

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Apr 25 2022 8:55PM


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