MDE21710 - Post-medieval lime kiln at Old Close Quarry (Monument)

Summary

A lime kiln set into a steep slope. It served Old Close Quarry, which operated from the late 18th Century, but was disused by the end of the 19th Century.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A limekiln built against/into bank in bad state of repair. Originally square in shape but retaining walls in various states of collapse. Front retaining wall has completely collapsed, taking with it half of the combustion chamber, which is infilled with earth and rubble. [1] Old limekiln shown on 25 inch 1st and 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey maps. [2,3] SS 70542 40838. The remains of a lime kiln near Old Close Quarry [4]. This lime kiln, which is now in a dilapidated state, is set into a steep slope on the northern bank of a stream opposite the Old Close Quarry and was accessed by a ramp from the north. The southern half of the kiln has collapsed (possibly robbed?) revealing part of the bowl (about 2.5 metres diameter and 2.5 metres deep) which appears to have been carved out of the rock face. Old Close Quarry was first used for stone in the late 18th Century and whilst quarrying a seam of limestone was uncovered and this was worked during the early 19th Century, hence the lime kiln. The cottage at 'Old Close', which dates from 1796, was the quarry manager's house [5]. The quarry was used for stone after the limestone was worked out but was stopped because of several bad rock collapses, evidence of which can be seen near the kiln. This lime kiln is shown, annotated 'Old Limekiln' on the 1889 Ordnance Survey map [2] so it must have been out of use by then. Surveyed at 1:2500. [6] The kiln is depicted and labelled on 2021 MasterMap data. [7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Report: Holley, S.. 1997. An Investigation of Limekilns on Exmoor for the Purposes of Conservation. Site 003.
  • <2>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889. [Mapped feature: #47041 ]
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1905.
  • <4> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. RA Burton, 19 July 1993.
  • <5> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Resident of "Old Close".
  • <6> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1 May 1995.
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7053 4084 (19m by 17m)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 60721
  • Devon SMR: SS74SW/128
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE12877
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW158
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1044503

Record last edited

Feb 23 2021 3:39PM

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