MDE21181 - Post-medieval water meadow south of West Challacombe Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs. It may have been fed from a pond to the south of West Challacombe Farm.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs in fields to the southwest of West Challacombe Farm, Combe Martin. The system, centred at SS 5856 4747 consists of at least three gutters, covering an area measuring 177 metres wide by 303 metres long, or 2.5 hectares. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. There is a small pond at West Challacombe Farm (MDE21846) and it is likely that the gutters were part of an integrated system and were fed with water and manure from here. An oblique photograph from February 2001 shows that the system was still in use until very recently. [1-4] Remains of several water catchment leats in the fields to the south of West Challacombe Farm which were probably supplied with water from the pond at the farm (MDE21846). [5]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 5847/2 (21109/01) (9 February 2001).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF 106G/UK/1501 4422 (13 May 1946).
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition.
  • <4> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 54 NE. MD002165.
  • <5> Report: Berry, N.. 2002. Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of West Challacombe Farm, Combe Martin, Devon. P. 11 and National Trust SMR Number 100941.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 584 474 (241m by 229m) (Aerial survey)
Map sheet SS54NE
Civil Parish COMBE MARTIN, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (3)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 65817
  • Devon SMR: SS54NE/192
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO1619
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 54 NE93
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA162450
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA162451
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1460111

Record last edited

Aug 17 2020 12:04PM

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