MDE20820 - Medieval field system on Cheriton Ridge (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
Low banks forming old field boundaries on west side of Cheriton Ridge. Their visibility is good on the 1947 and 1977 aerial photographs. A further bank centred at SS 7465 4332 is visible on an aerial photograph from 1979. [1-4] A substantial medieval or post-medieval field system is visible as a series of earthworks on the west facing slopes above Hoaroak Water, Lynton and Lynmouth. Centred at approximately SS 745 435, the banks extend over an area of approximately 22 hectares. The system is aligned approximately east to west on the slopes above Hoaroak Water. It may have continued into the flatter area of Cheriton Ridge, but there is no evidence for this. The banks form fairly regular, rectangular and sub rectangular enclosures. In places, the banks have been eroded by the flow of water leaving gullies and ditches. The field system is not depicted on the 1st Editon Ordnance Survey map, suggesting it had been abandoned some time prior to the publication in 1889. It seems likely that this was part of a medieval or early post-medieval attempt to enclose the moor which was unsuccessful. [5-8] A regular block of four fields, 150 to 200 metres square, with a rectangular enclosure 150 metres by 50 metres on the east side, lies to the south of the deserted medieval settlement on the west side of Cheriton Ridge. The field boundaries are banks, 1.5 to 2 metres wide and no more than 0.5 metres high, often with a ditch, 1 metre wide and 0.5 metres deep on the outer side. The banks are quite spread, a result of their age, but also because of later ploughing. This is evident on the Lidar image of the area and the 2010 aerial photographs and probably represents periodic cultivation of an arable crop – generally rye – in the 16th to 18th Centuries AD.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4067 Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . NMR SS7443: SF 1459/383 (1 March 1979).
- <2> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF/CPE/UK/1980.3079 (April 1947).
- <3> SEM7408 Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. MAM/13/072 (May 1977).
- <4> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7443a.
- <5> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 3220-21 (13 May 1946).
- <6> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/931 4124-25 (8 November 1952).
- <7> SEM6703 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
- <8>XY SMO7565 Archive: English Heritage. 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182. [Mapped feature: #38831 ]
- <9> SEM8028 Report: Riley, H.. 2013. Hoaroak Valley: Historic landscape survey and analysis. 33.
- <10> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1471041, Extant 19 January 2022.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7457 4354 (514m by 765m) Estimated from sources|
|Civil Parish||BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (2)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1471041 (Pastscape entry: 1471041)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 18180
- Devon SMR: SS74SW/96
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO2200
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW231
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1471041
Record last edited
Jan 19 2022 10:46AM
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