MDE20173 - Cross ridge earthwork at Myrtleberry North Camp (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
Crossbank, ditch spanning the spur. Ordnance Survey six inch 3 NW and SW situated 146 metres to southsouthwest of Myrtlebury North Camp (MDE1247).  About one hundred and sixty paces southwest of enclosure is an outwork with probably original entrance traversed by an existing footpath.  A supplementary univallate cross ridge work 150 metres to southwest with a simple causewayed entrance is presumably coeval with enclosure.  Condition stable.  Condition stable and good. The eastern end of the bank and ditch extend to the break of slope and appears original; the western end had been truncated by more recent disturbance, possibly quarrying.  Cross ridge earthwork forming part of Myrtleberry settlement. Some 150 metres southwest of the enclosure cutting across the widening south summit of the promontory is an outwork in the form of a cross ridge earthwork oriented northwest to southeast and some 82 metres long. It is formed by a ditch, 10.5 metres wide and 1.4 metres deep, with inner stony bank, 5.5 metres wide and up to 1.2 metres high. The near central entrance shown is probably a modern break for the footpath. The original entrance appears to have been at the extreme northwest end where, unlike the southeast end which terminates at the top of the steep wooded slopes, the earthwork terminates some distance before reaching the top of the steep natural slopes leaving a substantial gap. Set into the slope behind the bank topping the rampart is a small circular platform, about 3m in diameter and 1 metres high, which overlooks the entrance and may be an original feature. Outside this entrance are the remains of a linear trial pit for iron (contemporary with those defacing the main enclosure to the south) which has disturbed the ditch and encroached on the earthwork but it has not been 'truncated' as suggested by Griffith. It is most probable that the access to the settlement was along a hollow way which approaches the outworks from the south, runs across the spur 22 to 29 metres south of the ramparts and swings round north through this gap and into the internal area where a terrace, 3 metres wide and some 40 metres or so long, is flanked by a scarp on its northwest side. The route then continued along the top of the west slopes to the enclosure entrance at its northwest angle. There appears to be no reason to doubt that the cross ridge earthwork is not an integral part of the settlement and that the whole is a contemporary work of one period, probably the Iron Age.  82 metres long, average 13 metres wide. 
- <1> SSO410 Index: English Heritage. 1913-. Schedule of Monuments. 1969.
- <2> SMO4578 Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. 83.
- <3> SDE90589 Index: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1973. SS74NW 14. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. 14.
- <4> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. SC Timms, 1980, site visit.
- <5> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. FM Griffith, 1989, site visit.
- <6> SMO7324 Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1994.
- <7> SMO5362 Serial: Devon Archaeological Society. 1929+. Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings. Volume 25 (1967), 9 (C Whybrow).
- <8> SEM7959 Archive: Devon County Council. Paperwork held by Devon HER / SMR. Worksheet, 1980.
- <9> SDE90600 Aerial photograph: RAF. 1947. CPE/UK 1980.4047. Aerial Photograph.
- <10> SDE90601 Aerial photograph: Unknown. 1978. MAM 2579.
- <11> SDE74828 Report: Thackray, D. + Thackray, C.. 1986. Lynmouth: Foreland Point, Countisbury Hill and Watersmeet, Devon. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. Site 100252. 7. 9.
- <12> SDE60682 Report: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey : Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset Aerial Photograph Survey. Gaz No SS7332A, SS7432A.. SS7448C.
- <13> SEM7575 Report: Wolfkamp, V.. 2011. Myrtleberry North Camp, Exmoor National Park, North Devon. A Geophysical Survey.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7422 4868 (84m by 61m)|
|Civil Parish||LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (0)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 5345
- Devon SMR: SS74NW/4/1
- National Trust HER Record: MNA108014
Record last edited
Apr 12 2016 9:37AM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.