MDE1199 - Bronze Age ring cairn at Kinsford Gate Cross (Monument)


A mound that may represent 'Kensford Barrow' which in 1651 marked the west boundary of Exmoor Forest. The site has been interpreted as a Bronze Age bowl barrow, but partial excavation in 1977 suggests it may be a ring cairn.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

'North Molton No 10' SS 7400 3660 A broad shallow bowl barrow with hollow in the centre, 28 paces diameter and 2 ft high. This is possibly Kensford Barrow' named in 1651 as marking the west boundary of Exmoor Forest. [1] 'North Molton No 10a' SS 7415 3753 It is uncertain whether it is a bowl barrow or upcast from adjoining quarry. This is 13 paces in diameter and 3 ft high. This site was visited in 1961. [2] SS 7398 3659 A probable bowl barrow 28 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high situated in undulating moorland. The suggested name 'Kensford barrow' could not be verified - the nearby crossroads is called Kinsford Gate. This site was surveyed at 1:2500. SS 7415 3653. The 0.5 metre high mound is almost certainly spoil from the adjoining diggings (MDE20240). [3] A partial excavation in May and June 1977 was undertaken as the farmer had been permission to plough the site. This uncovered a circular stone bank 63 feet in diameter, 2 feet high with a 5 foot basal spread. A stone cairn within the enclosure may have held a cremation urn, but if so, had been robbed. This is possibly a Bronze Age ring cairn. [4,8] The barrow described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs as a low mound at SS 7398 3659, measuring approximately 28 metres across. [5,6] The site was visited in 1982, when it was noted that the barrow is still visible as a low level mound. [7] The barrow was mentioned in a 1983 article in the proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. [8] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [9]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Record Card. SS73NW13.
  • <2> Article in serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. The Barrows of North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 28. p 101, 105, 125.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordhance Survey visit, F1, 7 March 1972.
  • <4> Serial: Devonshire Association. 1862 -. Devonshire Association reports and transactions. Eardley-Wilmot, H., 1980, Volume 112, p 171-174.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1655 3407-08 (11 July 1946).
  • <6> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Bovey & Timms. 1982. Site Visit Field Notes. Site visit 9 June 1982.
  • <8> Serial: Devon Archaeological Society. 1929+. Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings. Grinsell, L. V., 1983, Volume 41, p 46.
  • <9> Serial: Exmoor Society. 1959-present. Exmoor Review. Volume 19 (1978), "Saving Exmoor's Past", p63-67 (H Eardley-Wilmot).
  • <10> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 35046, Extant 24 November 2021.

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR (Devonshire): 527
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12160
  • Devon SMR: SS73NW/527
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20239
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO60
  • Local List Status (Candidate)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW13
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35046



Grid reference Centred SS 7398 3658 (31m by 31m)
Map sheet SS73NW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Nov 24 2021 2:11PM


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