MDE11438 - 18th or 19th Century leat associated with Bampfylde Mine (Monument)


A leat supplying waterwheels in the eastern part of the 18th and 19th Century Bampfylde copper mining complex runs along the side of a steep valley. It is rock-cut in places.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Old leat shown on 6 inch 1963 Ordnance Survey map. [1] Bampfylde mine leat. [2] Course survives largely intact. Before reaching the mine workings it is 8 feet wide and 3 feet deep. Width reduces to 6 feet during final approach to crusher house. Fed a whole series of launders which supplied dressing machinery, main wheel on engine shaft, crusher house and large wheel on west side of valley. [3] Probably linked to one of the two water wheels noted in a visit by Swedish technician, Henric Kahlmeter, in 1724. [4] The leat is depicted and labelled on the 25 inch 1st and 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey maps, running southwest parallel to the River Mole from SS 7450 3321 to SS 7389 3280. [5,6] A leat supplying the eastern workings of the Bampfylde copper mining complex runs from SS 7461 3327 to SS 7394 3265. It is some 2.2 metres in width, up to 1.5 metres in depth and it runs along the steep valley side. In places the channel has been rock cut. The leat formerly supplied three of the wheels on the eastern workings at SS 7389 3279, SS 7392 3265 (with attendant crusher house), and at SS 7392 3251. See 1:1250 survey and MDE1219. [7,8] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [9]

Sources/Archives (9)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1963. 6 Inch Map: 1963.
  • <2> Report: Dixon, D.. 1978. Report of visit to Bampfylde Copper Mine. Site visit.
  • <3> Monograph: Dixon, D.. 1983. Mining and the Community in the Parishes of North Molton, South Molton, Molland and Twitchen, Devonshire. 224, 235.
  • <4> Article in serial: Claughton, P. F.. 1992. The North Molton Copper mine; riches in the west. North Devon Heritage Journal. 4. 6. 2-7.
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1880s.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1905.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 19 April 1993.
  • <8> Collection: RCHME Exeter. 1993-1999. Exmoor Project.
  • <9> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 917392, Extant 1 Deecember 2021.

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 46115
  • Devon SMR: SS73SW/3/5
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE21392
  • Local List Status (Candidate)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 SW15
  • National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 917392



Grid reference Centred SS 7422 3296 (684m by 592m) Estimated from sources
Map sheet SS73SW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Dec 1 2021 4:14PM


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