Scheduled Monument: Round barrow cemetery incorporating Wambarrows on Winsford Hill (1021273)

Authority Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Other Ref 35718
Date assigned 15 May 1934
Date last amended
Date revoked
Details The monument, which lies in two separate areas of protection, includes a round barrow cemetery of prehistoric date which is situated on open moorland in a prominent location on the summit of Winsford Hill. The cemetery comprises at least five round barrows which extend broadly in a line from north west to south east adjacent to the north side of the B3223 road, between Spire Cross and Comer's Gate. The three westernmost of the round barrows have attracted the collective name Wambarrows and appear to have formed the focus of the cemetery. The name Wambarrows is derived from `Wamburg' and `Wimureghe', which are mentioned in the Exmoor Forest perambulations of 1219 and 1279 respectively as recognisable boundary markers. The barrows are formed by circular earth and stone mounds and the westernmost three, those known as Wambarrows, range in diameter from between 17.6m to 28.8m. The westernmost barrow measures 27.7m north-south and 28.8m east-west. It has an uneven summit, 1.8m high, which slopes to the north. The mound of the central barrow of these three, which is 17.6m in diameter, has been disturbed leaving the eastern part surviving to a height of 1.8m, whilst the remaining part, having been robbed in antiquity, survives to a height of 0.9m. In addition, a pit, 5.3m by 3.4m, and up to 0.6m deep has been dug into the south west quadrant of the mound. The mound of the barrow located 60m east of the former is 21.6m in diameter and 1.9m high and has a large central pit 9m wide dug into its summit. Two further barrows, which form part of the round barrow cemetery, are located some 200m to the east of the Wambarrows. These are formed by low earthen mounds, one of which is 8.5m in diameter and 0.5m high with a rectangular pit 2.9m by 2.6m and 0.3m deep dug into its surface, and the other, located 12m to the north west, is 4m in diameter and 0.4m high with its mound intact. The barrow cemetery is overlain by an extensive field system which is formed by a series of low banks and ridge and furrow, which is believed to date from the late medieval to the early post-medieval period. The field system has encroached upon at least two of the barrow mounds: the central barrow of the five lies in the corner of a former field and two of its banks have impinged on its eastern and southern sides. The westernmost barrow of the group has been impinged on its southern side by a low field bank. An earthwork enclosure which lies to the north west of the easternmost barrow is the subject of a separate scheduling. All fence posts and fencing are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included. Selected Sources Book Reference - Title: National Monument Record - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: SS 83 SE 3 Book Reference - Title: National Monument Record - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: SS 83 SE 5 Article Reference - Author: Grinsell, L V - Title: Somerset Barrows - Date: 1969 - Journal Title: Proceedings Somerset Archaeology & Natural History Society - Volume: 113 - Page References: 42 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Winsford 1 Article Reference - Author: Grinsell, L V - Title: Somerset Barrows - Date: 1969 - Journal Title: Proceedings Somerset Archaeology & Natural History Society - Volume: 113 - Page References: 42 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Winsford 2 Article Reference - Author: Grinsell, L V - Title: Somerset Barrows - Date: 1969 - Journal Title: Proceedings Somerset Archaeology & Natural History Society - Volume: 113 - Page References: 42 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Winsford 3 Article Reference - Author: Grinsell, L V - Title: Somerset Barrows - Date: 1969 - Journal Title: Proceedings Somerset Archaeology & Natural History Society - Volume: 113 - Page References: 42 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Winsford 4 Article Reference - Author: Grinsell, L V - Title: Somerset barrows: revisions - Date: 1987 - Journal Title: Proceedings Somerset Archaeology & Natural History Society - Volume: 131 - Page References: 24 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Winsford 4a

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Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8769 3425 (297m by 143m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS83SE
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)