Listed Building: FARM BUILDINGS AT CROSCOMBE BARTON (1206386)

Grade II
Authority Historic England
Volume/Map/Item 858-1, 1, 1
Date assigned 25 November 1993
Date last amended 09 June 1995
Date revoked
LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH SS64NE CROSCOMBE BARTON 858-1/1/1 Farm buildings at Croscombe Barton 25/11/93 (that part in Lynton and Lynmouth CP) (Formerly Listed as: LYNTON Farm buildings in Croscombe Barton (that part in Lynton CP)) GV II A large regular group of farm buildings with attached farmhouse. C18, remodelled and extended in mid C19. Rubble with some brick dressings, slate roofs. PLAN: a complex group arranged around 2 courtyards, with 2 further low-level yards at the outer (SW) end; the buildings divide across the water course, here impounded and piped to the water-wheel. To the N and W of this waterway the buildings are in Martinhoe CP and to the S and E in Lynton and Lynmouth CP. Only those wholly or partly in Lynton and Lynmouth parish are here described, and are principally of the C19, on 2 floors, except for one earlier wing near the farmhouse (qv) and all are plain gabled. The main Z-plan range including a bank barn at the SE edge, adjoining the public right of way, has a short wing on the inner side, enclosing a small square yard, with a single-storey range on its outer side. The high cross range has a throughway giving to a further yard enclosed by a boundary wall at high level, and having 2 sides under a pent roof. Under and to the right of the throughway is the water-wheel. EXTERIOR: the bank barn has a long plain outer wall, with a central plank door at the upper level, on a landing to 5 stone steps; beyond this is the end gable of the cross range, in the same plane, and with a wide segmental-headed opening to a pair of panelled doors. The gable facing the farmhouse has a 3-light small-pane cast-iron casement to segmental head at the first floor, and the return face has 3 wide openings to segmental heads and on broad flush piers, with plain walling above. A short gabled arm returns, to enclose the yard, with a similar 3-light cast-iron window above one wide open segmental-headed arch. The return gable has a plank door to a landing on 12 stone steps, the return to the courtyard is plain, but the continuing wall to the main barn range has 4 arches and piers under a central pair of plank loading doors to a segmental head, flanked by small 2-light openings with shutters. The high transverse range has a small door low left, and an open throughway to the right, under a full-width pair of plank doors rising to the eaves. The far side is mainly plain, with one high and 2 low openings. On this side is a large enclosed yard, with a rubble wall at the upper level, and with a series of slender cast-iron columns carrying a former pent roof on 2 sides; some of the original clay Roman tiles are still in-situ. The high barn on the NW side of this yard is on the main central 'spine', and is plain on this side. Under the throughway is an opening to the large cast-iron overshot waterwheel, of approx 4m diameter and 1.4m width; a few wooden blades remain, and a maker in Barnstaple is identified. Flanking the small outer yard is a single-storey range, with one door, and a plain end gable with stepped coping. This spine range is half in each of the parishes, and the lower block is probably of C18 date, forming part of an earlier layout before the addition of the substantial barns described. INTERIORS: all floor boards have been removed, but the joists remain. A 0.3m diameter cast-iron pipe runs under the floor of the 'spine' barn, discharging over the wheel. Roofs are C19 with collar rafters. The lower level of the bank barn has some remains of cow stalling and troughs, with floor drainage. A remarkable planned group of mid C19 farmbuildings, added to the earlier group continuing to the NW, in Martinhoe CP. Listing NGR: SS6831947893

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Location

Grid reference Centred SS 68322 47892 (47m by 27m)
Map sheet SS64NE
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)