MSO8333 - Post-medieval water meadow at Croydon House (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks around Croydon House, Timberscombe. Centred at approximately SS 963 407, gutters are visible in a number of fields surrounding Croydon House, following the contours of the west-facing slope. They appear to have been supplied with water from a nearby spring and stream, which runs through the yard at Croydon, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. It is also possible that some of the gutters are actually associated with the water wheel which has been reported at Croydon House, but these are indistinguisable on aerial photographs from the water meadow gutters. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3]
- <1> SEM6918 Report: Francis, P.T.H.. 1984. A Survey and Description of the "Catch Meadow" Irrigation Systems Found in the Exmoor Region of West Somerset. 38.
- <2> SSO289 Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 4292-93, 3224-25.
- <3> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <4>XY SMO7570 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 94 SE. MD002187. [Mapped feature: #40018 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 961 405 (409m by 459m)|
|Civil Parish||TIMBERSCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1119593 (Original Monarch entry: 1119593)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO705
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11942
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE74
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1119593
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34523
Record last edited
Jan 14 2020 2:29PM
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