MSO8022 - Medieval or post-medieval deserted farmstead of Mene (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
A good example of a deserted farmstead with earthworks and remains of stone buildings at Mene, Selworthy, SS 916 483. Dated back perhaps to the 15th or 16th Centuries. (The map reference falls at a valley head, where no evidence of the sort described is visible on Ordnance Survey aerial photographs. Possibly the map reference should be SS 926 488, where the ruins of a farm called West Myne are clearly shown on the 1974 Ordnance Survey 1:10,000 map [1, 2] Extensive earthworks of ruined buildings below a number of springs.  SS 916 483 Deserted farmstead of Mene. This is shown as a separate estate in 1841 but with only a barn on the farm site. The site lies on a north facing slope where a number of springs emerge. There is a large area of stone and foundations within a squarish, il defined enclosure. The site was bulldozed and destroyed in 1977 (M Aston, fieldwork 19th January and 14th July 1977). This is one of three candidates for the deserted site of Myne, mentioned in Domesday (see also MSO7585 and MMO215). [4-6] A further candidate for Mene or Myne is recorded as MSO7648.  Centred at SS 91686 48308 are the very poorly preserved remains of a deserted farmstead. Several episodes have confused the remains. Firstly the bulldozing episode refered to by M. Aston . Secondly the dumping of World War Two date and other material on the site during land improvement after the war. Thirdly the presence of a later phase - the construction of the barn and a stone lined spring. Fourthly, animal erosion on the site. The remains of the farmstead comprise one building platform measuring 15 metres by 7.5 metres, which is cut into the hillslope at its southern end by 1.6 metres. The platform lies within the remains of a stone banked enclosure, largely destroyed (perhaps bulldozed) on the south and east, but discernible as a good field bank 0.5 metres high on the north. The most likely interpretation of this site is that it represents a small farmstead of medieval or early post-medieval date, which later failed and became only a barn with stone lined spring by the time of the Tithe Map of 1841 . 
- <1> SEM7091 Article in serial: Aston, M.. 1976. Medieval Village Research Group Report. 24. p 9.
- <2> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Unknown.
- <3> SEM8675 Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. M Aston, 20 January 1977.
- <4> SEM7926 Map: 1841. Selworthy Tithe Map and Apportionment.
- <5> SMO5560 Article in serial: Aston, M.. 1983. Deserted Farmsteads on Exmoor and the Lay Subsidy of 1327 in West Somerset. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 127. PP. 77, 82, 99.
- <6> SMO5538 Monograph: edited Caroline and Frank Thorn. 1980. Domesday Book, 8 : Somerset . p 24-5.
- <7> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Unknown.
- <8> SSO705 Aerial photograph: West Air Photography. 1981-1983. Oblique aerial photographs across Exmoor National Park.
- <9> SEM7441 Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Record Card. Site SS 94 NW 24, 1979.
- <10> SSO302 Serial: 1976. Medieval Village Research Group Annual Report. no 24.
- <11> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 7 April 1998.
- <12> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. R1 DJG 4 February 1987.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 916 482 (116m by 115m) (Centred on)|
|Civil Parish||SELWORTHY, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (2)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36837 (Pastscape entry: 36837)
- https://heritagerecords.nationaltrust.org.uk/HBSMR/MonRecord.aspx?uid=MNA167486 (National Trust HER entry: MNA167486)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11576
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 NW24
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- National Trust HER Record: MNA167486
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36837
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33982
Record last edited
Nov 11 2020 9:58AM
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