MSO7900 - Black Barrow (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
[SS 83214421] Black Barrow (NR)  Black Barrow, round barrow, Scheduled.  This is a large overgrown Cairn 1.7m high (Grinsell's Exmoor No 14). The corner of a modern field wall has been built across its centre, and this has caused considerable mutilation . Surveyed at 1:2500. [3,12] Exmoor 14. Black Barrow. It is gutted in the centre, north and west and the material probably used for the wall across its centre. Mentioned in a perambulation of Exmoor Forest in 1279. It is a bowl barrow, 22 paces in diameter and 6 feet high. It is on the boundary of Oare, Exmoor and Porlock parishes. It has been variously called Blakeborgh (1279), Blakebergure (1301), Blackborowe (1621) and Burrow (1782) amongst others.  Centred at SS 8321 4421, it is a substantial, circular, earth and stone mound, now mutilated by a field wall. The barrow has panoramic views, especially in a westerly direction. It is 22 metres in diameter and 1.5 metres high. The barrow has been considerably damaged by a west-east field wall which approaches it from the west, and turns northwards at its centre. The wall has been created from the barrow fabric itself, whilst its flanking ditch has cut into the barrow. The result is that the southern arc of the barrow survives intact, and is probably the best preserved part. The north-western quadrant lies within the angle of the field wall and has been considerably reduced. The eastern arc tapers northwards to only 0.4 metres high, and has probably been robbed. No trace of a flanking ditch around the barrow or kerbing is visible.  This was used as a boundary marker for the forest, as detailed during the reign of Henry III. [6, 14] Prominent mound some 20 metres across and 1.5 metres high with an uneven top. At the junction of old parish boundary walls.  A large Bronze Age barrow forming a corner of the 19th century enclosure of Outer Alscott. Black Barrow is a striking feature in this landscape and is mentioned is several perambulations of the boundaries of Exmoor Forest, from as early as 1279.  In private ownership. The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0.  The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 0.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SMO4073 Index: Scheduled Monument Notification . DOE (IAM) AMs Eng 2 1978 117.
- <3> SMO7319 Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 1 July 1965.
- <4> SMO5467 Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows. Part I: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. P. 13, 16, 33.
- <5> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 11 December 1995.
- <6> SSO1302 Monograph: MacDermot, E T. 1911. A History of Exmoor Forest. 181.
- <7> SSO1247 Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
- <8> SSO1889 Report: Riley H.. 2003. Mill Hill, Oare, Somerset. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report Series AI/3/2003.
- <9> SSO1 Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.
- <10> SSO708 Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8344.
- <11> SSO267 Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-178 Run 83. 8344.
- <12> SMO1497 Photograph: BLACK BARROW AT EXMOOR/OARE/PORLOCK FROM SOUTH WEST. OS65/F173/6. B/W. MICROFILM.
- <13> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
- <14> SEM7997 Monograph: Siraut, M.. Royal Forest, Exmoor: A guide to the Royal Forest of Exmoor. Exmoor National Park Authority. 3.
- <15> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
- <16> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36234, Extant 21 June 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8320 4421 (32m by 32m) Estimated from sources|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
|Civil Parish||OARE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
|Civil Parish||PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36234 (Original Monarch entry: 36234)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10912
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO6859
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO7752
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW12
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36234
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33051
Record last edited
Jun 21 2021 10:20PM
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