MSO12369 - Prehistoric hut circle at Ruckham Combe (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
This feature is the eastern of two hut circles (the other being MSO10883) which consist of stony banks 0.3 metres high with entrance gaps to the south.  This feature was found to measure 10 paces in diameter.  This and MSO10883 are marked as "Ring Cairns" on 1980 Ordnance Survey mapping.  This and MSO10883 were reinterpreted as not hut circles but two ring cairns situated on level ground above a steep valley slope. They comprise circular banks of stone and soil 8 to 9 metres in overall diameter, were 0.3 to 0.4 metres high and both have a slight gap on the south side. The interiors are at natural ground level.  This feature was previously numbered as part of MSO10883 (Somerset HER) which now refers only to the west circle.  This is almost certainly a hut circle. It measures from 9.1 metres northwest-southeast to 10.6 metres southwest-northeast with a turf covered wall varying in width from 1.3 metres to 1.9 metres. It reaches a maximum external height of 0.5 metres in the northeast. Internally it is only about 0.2 metres high. There is a possible entrance to the south where the wall is lower. Hut circles are farily rare on Exmoor; however, MSO10883 is located close by and several more are evident on the lower slopes only 500 metres to the south of this site. Originally classified as hut circles  and then as ring cairns , the possibility that they may be ring cairns cannot be excluded; however, on balance, this and MSO10883 are most probably hut circles.  This and MSO10883 were confirmed as hut circles.  Both this and MSO10883 are visible on Infra-red photography taken for Exmoor National Park Authority in 1983. They are similar in size and form to the hut circles seen on Holdstone Down and Martinhoe Common to the north. [8,9] This site was surveyed using gradiometer and earth resistance techniques in 2012. Analysis of the resulting data suggested that a hut circle was visible in the earth resistance, gradiometer and topographic data. The nearby hut circle MSO10883 was also visible in the earth resistance data. In addition, other anomalies were noted in the nearby area which may be archaeological in nature, but this cannot be verified.  The feature is depicted and labelled as a hut circle on 2021 MasterMap data. 
- <1> SSO1679 Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1965. SS74SW. 7.
- <2> SSO1067 Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1982. Site visit, H Eardley-Wilmot, to Somerset County Council 27 September 1982.
- <3> SEM7222 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1980. 1:10000 Map, 1980. 1:10000. SS74SW.
- <4> SSO1681 Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1975. SS74SW. 7.
- <5> SEM8675 Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. Chris Webster, Somerset HER, December 1997.
- <6> SMO7324 Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 4 May 1995.
- <7> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 3 August 1999.
- <8> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. Exmoor National Park Authority IRFC 5804-05 (1983).
- <9> SMO7565 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
- <10> SEM8058 Report: Carey, C. and Ventre, H.. 2012. Ruckham Coombe (Mire 2), Exmoor: Combined earth resistance and gradiometer survey. 16.
- <11>XY SEM340794 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #34519 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7282 4314 (19m by 18m)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (4)
External Links (1)
- www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=35341 (Original Monarch entry: 35341)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO95
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO6839
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW7
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35341
- Somerset SMR PRN: 35558
Record last edited
Feb 3 2021 11:09AM
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