MSO12354 - Bradley Pond and dam, Bradley (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
Bradley pond was formed by a large dam across a shallow valley, originally c. 20 feet high, 220 yards long, 4 feet wide at top and 75 feet wide at base. Now bulldozed lower. Fed by nearby springs. Constructed, according to local tradition, by drag line and bucket and fed a waterwheel at Great Bradley (MSO8563).  The Somerset HER previously recorded this site under MSO8563. [2,3] Centred at SS 8572 3491 is a reservoir created by the construction of a large dam across the shallow valley. To the south the remains of a leat run about 777 metres along the valley to Bradley Farm. The far end of the leat was originally culverted, carrying water from the pond to a large waterwheel which has since been removed.  The dam has been bulldozed lower. According to local tradition, the dam was constructed by drag line and bucket. To the south of the pond are the earthwork remains of a deserted medieval farmstead (MSO11735). The pond is currently used for fishing.  The Tithe Map for Hawkridge shows an area in this area separated from the larger land parcel by a dashed line.  A small pond, c. 80 metres east to west and 50 metres north to south, is shown on the 25 inch 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map centred at SS 8571 3493. It is labelled "Bradley Pond".  The pond is visible at a similar size on the Royal Air Force photographs dating to 1946-8. The dam is visible to the southwest, centred at SS 8569 3491.  A much larger pond is shown on the 2021 MasterMap data in the same location. It is also labelled "Bradley Pond". The area that shows the dam on the 1940s aerial photographs has earthworks indicated and a routeway runs along its length.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SSO1993 Unassigned: Warren, D. 24.11.77. Somerset Industrial Archaeology Society. D Warren, Somerset Industrial Archaeology Society, 24 November 1977.
- <2> SSO1 Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records. PRN 34240.
- <3> SEM8675 Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. Chris Webster, Somerset HER, December 1997.
- <4> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. The Farmer, Great Bradley, Winsford.
- <5> SMO7304 Unpublished document: Chapman, H.P.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 25 April 1995.
- <6> SSO213 Map: 1841. Hawkridge Tithe Map and Apportionment.
- <7> SEM6703 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
- <8> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography.
- <9>XY SEM340794 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #34117 ]
- <10> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1028683, Extant 1 February 2022.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8577 3494 (348m by 208m)|
|Civil Parish||WITHYPOOL AND HAWKRIDGE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (0)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO8735
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 SE55
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1028683
- Somerset SMR PRN: 34240
- Somerset SMR PRN: 35542
Record last edited
Feb 1 2022 4:32PM
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