MSO11735 - Bradley deserted farm, Bradley Hams, Withypool (Monument)

Summary

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

The area was a detached part of Hawkridge in 1841, but no buildings are shown on tithe map. However there are earthwork remains lying at the W end of Bradley Pool (PRN 35542) cut by C19 field boundaries. There is some quarrying on the site but three buildings are clear within an enclosure defined by a bank and ditch. [1] No farm is shown at or near SS 857349 on OS 1" 1809, though 'Bradley' and 'Little Bradley' occur somewhat to the south. [3] Two clearly defined rectangular buildings N of the C19 field bank and several other possible platforms. The two buildings appear to have baffle entry porches. This is apparently a fairly large farm site, or possibly several small ones. [4] Associated field system to SW (PRN 35541). [5] There are remains of an abandoned farm site, probably medieval adjacent to Bradley Pond. A 19th century enclosure wall cuts the site and there appears to be disturbance by quarrying. The farm was called Bradley. [10] Centred at SS 85653490 to the south of Bradley Pond are the earthwork remains of a medieval farmstead. At least two buildings survive parallel to each other, with an enclosing bank to the west and other amorphous scarps within the vicinity. Beyond the earthworks are the slight traces of an associated field system. The best preserved building lies in the centre of the site. It is rectangular and measures 15m (E-W) by 4.8m with its western end cut into the natural slope. It has a change in level 3.8m from its western end forming an internal division. The second building lies to the south and is parallel to the first. It measures 14.8m (E-W) by 4.7m, although it is cut and obscured by a C19th field bank to the south. The earthworks are raised 0.3m high. There are signs of a central internal division and possible entrance in the northern side. To the east of the second building, also obscured by the field bank, is platform cut into the natural slope measuring 3.3m (E-W) by 4.8m. It does not appear to be a domestic building. In the north-eastern corner of the site is another platform measuring 7m (N-S) by 5m cut deeply into the slope. However, its proximity to the dam and its shape suggest that it has been quarried. Between the buildings are other amorphous scarps which appear to represent tracks and former enclosures, as well as disturbances from the construction of the dam. The site apears to be medieval as the field system supports. [11] The site was surveyed at 1:500 scale on 23 March 1995. [12] In private ownership [13]

Sources/Archives (13)

  • <1> Article in serial: Aston, M. 1983. Deserted Farms on Exmoor and the Lay subsidy of 1327 in West Somerset. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society. 127. 102.
  • <2> Map: 1841. Hawkridge Tithe Map and Apportionment.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1809. 1", sheet 20.
  • <4> Unassigned: SMR file 34303.
  • <5> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8534.
  • <6> Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 3359.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-178 Run 85. 9326.
  • <8> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SS83SE. 11.
  • <9> Unassigned: 1977. MVRGAR. no 25. 15.
  • <10> Article in serial: Aston, M. 1977. Somerset Archaeology 1976. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society. 121. 119.
  • <11> Survey: RCHME. 1995. Exmoor Survey. NMR site SS 83 SE 11.
  • <12> Survey: RCHME. 1995. Exmoor Survey. NMR SS 83 SE 11, 1:500.
  • <13> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8565 3486 (109m by 116m)
Map sheet SS83SE
Civil Parish WITHYPOOL AND HAWKRIDGE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34303

Record last edited

Aug 31 2017 1:57PM

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