MSO11011 - 19th Century iron mine on southeast side of Elsworthy (Monument)


The remains of a possible iron mine are visible on aerial photographs and have been subject to field survey.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Ragged linear trench 2 metres deep and spoil mound 2 metres high. Circular pit 1 metre deep and 3 metre diameter with enclosing spoil mound. Probably a mining trial pit. [1] Earthworks marked as "old quarry" on OS maps and associated with other quarries along Orchard Bottom. [2] The remains of iron ore extraction are visible on the southeastern edge of Elsworthy, on rough ground but adjacent to the boundary with more improved land. The National Grid Reference [1] seems correct but has not been confirmed. The earthworks comprise a shaft visible as a pit 3 metres in diameter and 1 metre deep. On the southeast side is a spoil lobe 1.3 metres high. To the east is a linear trench 2 metres deep extending for some 27 metres. At its west end a narrow gulley runs towards the shaft. The whole probably represents a very short lived attempt to exploit an iron ore source, most likely during the 19th Century. [4] The remains of the possible iron mine are visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, as described by [4], as earthworks centred on circa SS 8181 4111. The earthworks have been transcribed as part of the Exmoor National Mapping programme. [5,6] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [7] The feature is depicted but not labelled on the 25 inch 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. R McDonnell, 2 January 1983.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. 25" SS8141.
  • <3> Report: McDonnell, R.. 1985. Recommendations for the Management of Archaeological Sites in the Exmoor National Park at Warren, Pinford, Tom's Hill and Hayes Allotment. 74 (site 190).
  • <4> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 11 December 1995.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3069-70 (13 May 1946).
  • <6>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184. [Mapped feature: #34284 ]
  • <7> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 974758, Extant 6 July 2021.
  • <8> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO409
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO7014
  • Local List Status (Unassessed)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW100
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 974758
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33150



Grid reference Centred SS 8183 4111 (39m by 42m) Enhanced using SEM6703
Map sheet SS84SW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Oct 6 2021 3:20PM


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