MSO10026 - Post-medieval water meadow north of Brougham Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Area of irrigation system in valley to the N presumably belonging to the deserted farm to the south. [1] A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields south of Timberscombe. Centred at SS 9577 4178, five gutters are visible stretching across a west facing slope above an un-named stream, varying in length from 170 to 250 metres. There is no evidence that this system was connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [2,3]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council staff comments. M Aston, 2 December 1976.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F64) 141-42 (27 April 1964).
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 94 SE. MD002187. [Mapped feature: #34606 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9582 4170 (187m by 387m)
Map sheet SS94SE
Civil Parish TIMBERSCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO2569
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE149
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1479161
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 13463

Record last edited

Jan 22 2020 12:42PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.