MMO585 - Post-medieval linhay with associated water meadow at Howtown Farm (Monument)

Summary

The remains of a post-medieval linhay are visible as an earthwork enclosure, a probable building platform and a pond. To the southwest a possible water meadow associated with the linhay is visible on aerial photographs taken in 1964.

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Type and Period (4)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Aerial photographs show building remains and a bank making a small enclosure. [1,2] The earthwork remains of an enclosure 18 by 5 metres with a probable building platform at the northwestern end, together with the remains of a pond 15 by 12 metres lie at SS 9336 3346. [3] The field evidence suggests a barn with associated enclosure and pond for stock. The building, enclosure and pond are not depicted on the tithe map of 1838, but the names of the adjacent fields are "Linhay Close" and Lower Linhay Close". They were worked by John How, probably from nearby HowTown Farm. [5] The enclosure and pond are shown on the Ordnance Survey 1st Edition map of 1889. [6] The remains of the enclosure and the pond are recorded on the current large scale mapping of the area. [7] Field investigation found earthwork remains of an enclosure 18 by 5 metres with a probable building platform at the northwestern end, together with the remains of a pond 15 by 12 metres lying at SS 9336 3346. The field evidence suggested a barn with associated enclosure and pond for stock. Together, the cartographic and documentary evidence suggested a linhay, worked from Howton Farm, which fell into disuse sometime before 1838. [8] Immediately to the southwest of the enclosure and pond is a small system of field drains, possible part of a water meadow system associated with the linhay. These features are visible on vertical aerial photographs of the area. [9-10]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 9333.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: 1971. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 93. 8722.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962. 6" SS93SW.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1904. 25" sheet. 57(8).
  • <5> Map: 1838. Exton Tithe Map and Apportionment.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889, Somerset 57(8).
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1973. 1:2500, sheet SS 9333.
  • <8> Survey: RCHME. 1997. Exmoor survey. NMR Site SS 93 SW27.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F62) 0275-6 (27 April 1964).
  • <10> Archive: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS 93 SW. AF1133201.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9328 3337 (275m by 207m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS93SW
Civil Parish EXTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11858
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO7169
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 SW27
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1095087
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34436

Record last edited

Dec 6 2016 9:13PM

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