MMO498 - Bronze Age barrow west of Wood Barrow (Monument)

Summary

A Bronze Age barrow visible as a well-defined sub-circular earthwork measuring 15.4m by 14.4 in area with a minimum height of 0.2m. It has a slight, irregular rush-filled hollow which may be the result of an alleged antiquarian excavation.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A flat barrow, not quite circular, with a ditch of varying width. It was discovered in July 1974. [1] Grinsell describes the barrow as 20 paces in diameter and 1 foot high. [2] SS 7145 4254. A turf-covered round barrow. This barrow is situated in rough grassland about 475m above OD some 170m west of Wood Barrow (MDE1283). There are extensive views; northwards to the Bristol Channel and the coast of South Wales, eastwards to Chains Barrow (MSO6836) and beyond, southwards to Five Barrows (MDE1191) and westwards across to the Chapman Barrows (MDE1061). The barrow appears as a well-defined sub-circular raised area 15.4m diameter east-west by 14.4m. Probing revealed some stone content but it is predominantly an earthen construction best seen around the NE quadrant as a bank-like ridge about 0.5m high. Around the southwest it reduces to a height of only 0.2m. In the centre is a slight, irregular, rush filled hollow about 0.2m deep. This, along with a turf covered 'tump' in the northnortheast, suggests the barrow may have been 'excavated' at sometime. 'Ditches' on the east and west sides appear to be modern drainage channels but they may mask an original feature now silted. [3-5] A barrow near Wood Barrow is said by Westcote to have been opened sometime before 1630 in search of a 'great brass pan' full of gold and silver. [6] The barrow described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs, approximately 170 metres west of Wood Barrow and 400 metres east of a group of three barrows sometimes referred to as the Longstone Barrow Group (see MDE1282). [7]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 20/02/1979. Letter and Plan.
  • <2> Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Barrows of North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 28. 115.
  • <3> Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Barrows of North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 28. p115.
  • <4> Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Record Card. MJF 1 Oct 1974.
  • <5> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <6> Monograph: Westcote, T.. 1845. A View of Devonshire in MDCXXX, with a pedigree of most of its gentry. Will. Roberts. p301-2.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAL 4975-76 (16 Aug 1981).
  • <8>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182. [Mapped feature: #40460 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7145 4254 (30m by 30m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 7351
  • Devon SMR: SS74SW/21
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE12875
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20190
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW156
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1044470

Record last edited

Feb 3 2021 1:36PM

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