MMO3778 - 19th Century water meadow northeast of Lyshwell Farm (Monument)

Summary

A water-meadow of probable 19th century date is visible on aerial photographs as earthwork water channels to the northeast of Lyshewell Farm, with which it was possibly associated.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A water meadow of probable 19th Century date is visible on aerial photographs as earthwork water channels centred on circa SS 8376 3079, to northeast of Lyshwell Farm, with which it was possibly associated. The gutters form a type of water meadow known as a catchwork, catch water or field gutter system. Such water meadows are commonly found on combe or hill slopes and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring, stream or river. The water was carried along the slopes by the gutters and when irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow from gutter to gutter, thereby evenly irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the soil in the spring thereby encouraging an early growth of grass, particularly important during the hungry gap of March and April. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1420 (F20) 3290-91 (15 April 1946).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 SW. MD002197. [Mapped feature: #32673 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8376 3076 (102m by 73m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS83SW
Civil Parish WITHYPOOL AND HAWKRIDGE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 SW126
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1500377

Record last edited

Apr 19 2021 11:01PM

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