MMO3645 - Post-medieval water meadow north of Timwood (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks north of Timwood, Old Cleeve. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks north of Timwood, Old Cleeve. Centred at approximately ST 0340 3549, three interconnected gutters are visible following the contours of the slope above an un-named stream. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. [1] Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [2]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: ST 03 NW. MD002177.
  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F61) 128-29 27-APR-1964.
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ST 0341 3550 (201m by 194m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet ST03NW
Civil Parish OLD CLEEVE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 NW90
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1499286

Record last edited

Oct 26 2015 11:46AM

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