MMO3592 - Post-medieval water meadow east of Birchanger Farm (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks east of Birchanger Farm, Monksilver. Centred at approximately ST 0655 3732, four gutters are visible following the contours of a north facing slope above an un-named stream, and extending across an area of some 2.3 hectares. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Birchanger, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1,2]
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1944 2135-36 23-JAN-1947.
- <2> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <3> SMO7561 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: ST 03 NE. MD002178.
|Grid reference||Centred ST 0655 3730 (193m by 229m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||MONKSILVER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1497687 (Original Monarch entry: 1497687)
- National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 NE101
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1497687
Record last edited
Apr 2 2013 1:58PM
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