MMO3214 - Post-medieval water meadow south west of Western Ball (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks south west of Western Ball Farm, Twitchen. Centred at approximately SS 7788 3099, at least eight leats are visible stretching across both sides of a south-east facing valley above an un-named stream or brook. The leats appear to have been fed from the nearby spring. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-2).
- --- SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1420 3281-82 15-APR-1946.
- --- SMO5110 Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Cook, H and Williamson, T. 2007 "Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press,.
- --- SMO7578 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 SE. MD002195.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7785 3099 (333m by 317m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||TWITCHEN, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1492762 (Pastscape entry: 1492762)
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1492762
Record last edited
Jun 21 2018 1:00PM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.