MMO3212 - (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks south of Buttery Farm, North Molton. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Buttery Farm, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks south of Buttery Farm, North Molton. Centred at approximately SS 7586 3473, at least six gutters are visible, following the contours of a south-facing spur above an un-named stream or brook. The system may have been connected to the farmyard at Buttery Farm, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-2).

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73086 762-63 17-APR-1973.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Cook, H and Williamson, T. 2007 "Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press,.
  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 SE. MD002195.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7590 3479 (274m by 272m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS73SE
Civil Parish NORTH MOLTON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1492753

Record last edited

Dec 16 2010 12:01PM

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