MMO313 - Two possible Bronze Age hut circles on Challacombe Common (Monument)

Summary

The smoothed earthwork remains of a probable Bronze Age hut circle or platform are visible on aerial photographs. A second amorphous level area lies nearby and may be a second hut circle. There are also some low lynchets in the vicinity.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Circular feature showing as a cropmark in an improved field northwest of Withecombe Farm, visible on a 1946 aerial photograph. It has been identified as a barrow by S Timms and entered at SS 682 425. [1,2] At SS 6823 4258, within improved pasture, are the smoothed earthwork remains of a hut circle or platform. It is subcircular, measuring 13.4 metres north to south by 11.8 metres west to east. It is terraced into the hillside on its upper side by 0.7 metres, and is correspondingly built out on its lower side by 0.4 metres. The scarp defining its north and northwestern arc is topped by a slight bank 0.3 metres high. Its downslope side is defined by a scarp only. At its southeast the defining scarps fade into the natural hillside indicating the position of an entrance. Some 44 metres away to the west at SS 6819 4259 are the remains of a second feature, which is too disturbed to allow confident interpretation. It consists of an amorphous level area measuring approximately 9 metres north to south by 13 metres west to east. It is terraced into the hillside by 0.7 metres. A vague scarp 0.3 metres high defines its lower edge. To its west and east ends the defining scarps fade into the natural slopes, but at the latter end they turn south before doing so. A possible hut circle or platform. To the south of the two features described are a number of lynchet scarps. They are smoothed and amorphous and may be partly natural/geological in origin. Hut circle survived at 1:2500 scale, 13 October 1993,. Second ? hut circle, surveyed grid reference only. [3] The hut circles or platforms as described above are visible on aerial photographs as smoothed or ploughed earthworks within the 19th Century enclosures on Challacombe Common. The lynchet scarps however are not visible. The features are not depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map, suggesting they were already damaged by agricultural activity prior to the publication of the map in 1889. [4-6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK 1501 13/3174 (5 May 1946).
  • <2> Archive: Devon County Council. Various. Devon SMR / HER records / parish files - Exmoor records. Worksheet, S Timms.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 15 October 1993.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 887-888 (29 April 1973).
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <6>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SE. MD002181. [Mapped features: #44534 Eastern hut circle, ; #44535 Western hut circle, ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6820 4258 (79m by 46m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64SE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12592
  • Devon SMR: SS64SE/68
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE10894
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20368
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE60
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 910091

Record last edited

May 1 2019 1:35PM

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