MMO2973 - Post-medieval quarry on Red Stone Hill (Monument)

Summary

A quarry or gravel pit of possible post-medieval date can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The earthwork is circa 35 metres long and up to circa 7 metres wide.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A linear quarry of possible post-medieval date can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, on the east facing slope of Red Stone Hill at circa SS 8176 3954. The earthwork is roughly linear, measuring circa 300 metres long and between 4 and 12 metres wide. Spoil appears to be dumped along the north facing side of the pit at its western end. The precise function of the pit is unclear. It is annotated as a gravel pit on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889, but is the longest of several pits on a similar orientation on Red Stone Hill, which may support the interpretation that they area all following and exploiting a seam of the same resource, perhaps iron ore. However, although the 1st Edition map gives this feature a terminus ante quem of 1889, the length of the quarry depicted has almost doubled by the publication of the 2nd Edition map of 1903, and the annotation remains as Gravel Pit. [1-5] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4059-60 (13 May 1946).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS-73109 1056 (29 April 1973).
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1903.
  • <5>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 NW. MD002191. [Mapped feature: #32780 ]
  • <6> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1488067, Extant 1 September 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8177 3954 (296m by 98m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS83NW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 NW71
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1488067

Record last edited

Sep 1 2021 12:57PM

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