MMO2892 - Post-medieval water meadow south of Honeymead Farm (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
- None recorded
A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks lying due south of Honeymead Farm, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7958 3890, a large number of narrow gutters can be seen following the contours of the south and southeast facing slopes above an unnamed tributary of White Water. A large leat at the eastern edge of the system seems to connect the system with the farmyard at Honeymead, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Many of the mid 19th Century farms on Exmoor built by the the Knight family have extensive and complex water meadow systems, and they are believed to date to the 1850s, after Robert Smith, an expert in water meadows, took up his post as Agent for the family. [1-5] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/96507 35-36 (30 March 1996).
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73087 612-13 (17 April 1973).
- <3> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <4> SEM7231 Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. 55-56.
- <5>XY SMO7573 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NE. MD002190. [Mapped feature: #33231 ]
- <6> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1486609, Extant 22 November 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7970 3884 (475m by 609m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1486609 (Original Monarch entry: 1486609)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NE95
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1486609
Record last edited
Nov 22 2021 8:49PM
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