MMO2889 - Post-medieval water meadow northeast of Simonsbath (Monument)

Summary

A possible post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. The features may otherwise be related to nearby large areas of post-medieval drainage.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A possible post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in a field northeast of Simonsbath, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7780 3986, three gutters are visible following the contours of a southwest facing slope above Ashcombe Bottom. The gutters vary in length from 100 to 230 metres, and extend across an area of approximately 4 hectares. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. However, since this system is located close to several large areas of post-medieval drainage, it may in fact be related to this activity. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4154-55 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NE. MD002190.
  • <4> Report: Riley, H.. 2015. Metric Survey of Little Ashcombe, Simonsbath, Exmoor Mires Project EAC15.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7778 3982 (219m by 266m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS73NE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NE92
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1486606

Record last edited

Nov 14 2016 10:30AM

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